Mistake of fact and Mistake of law

Mistake of Fact Mistake and ignorance are the words of ancient mintage and rarely distinguished. Mistake of fact always supposes some error of opinion as to the real facts whereas ignorance of fact may be devoid of error but result in mere want of knowledge your opinion. Mistake simply means error of opinion as to … Read more

Stages of Crime

A Crime is committed in various stages. There are 4 stages of Crime: MENTAL CONTEMPLATION “Mental contemplation, also known as Intention is the direction of the conduct towards the object chosen Upon considering the motive which suggests the choice.” – James Stephens This stage is not punishable because it is not possible to read the … Read more

Death by Negligence – Section 304-A

Causing Death by Negligence A Person is said to cause a death by Negligence, if the death is caused without any Intention, Recklessness & Knowledge on his part. Provisions of Accidental/Negligent deaths are covered under Section 304-A of Indian Penal Code,1860. “Whoever Causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act … Read more

Culpable Homicide & Murder – Complete Analysis

Homicide: The word Homicide means “killing of a human being by a human being”. It is either- • Lawful homicide – like: section 76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,etc of IPC • Unlawful homicide – like: Culpable homicide(section 299) , Murder(section 300), Rash or negligent act(section 304-A), Dowry death(section 304-B), etc CULPABLE HOMICIDE – Section 299 Whoever causes death by … Read more

Theft Vs. Extortion – Detailed Analysis

Theft- Section 378 Whoever intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit the offence of theft. Explanation 1 – A thing so long as it is attached to the earth, not being movable … Read more

Introduction to Indian Penal Code (IPC)

 Drafting of Indian Penal Code The Indian Penal Code i.e IPC was drafted by the first Indian Law Commission constituted in 1834. Lord Macaulay was the president of the commission. Lord Mcloed, Anderson and Millet were Commission members. Its draft code of IPC was revised twice & then finally passed on October 6th , 1860. … Read more