The Supreme Court of India – Basics

Basics: The Indian constitution has established an integrated Judicial System with the Supreme Court at the top and the high courts below it. Under a High Court, there is a hierarchy of subordinate courts that is district courts and other lower courts. Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28 1950 and is located … Read more

Financial Emergency – Article 360

Article 360 – Provisions as to Financial Emergency Article 360 empowers the President to proclaim a financial emergency, if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the Financial stability or Credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened. Approval and duration A Proclamation declaring financial emergency must be … Read more

State Emergency/President’s Rule – Article 356

Article 355 – Duty of Union to Protect States Under article 355, the obligation of the Union to protect the state arises in the following situation- External aggression Internal disturbance when the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the constitution. Sarbananda Sonowal VS. Union of India 2005 SC The Supreme Court held that, … Read more

National Emergency – Article 352

Introduction: These are the provisions which enables the central government to meet any abnormal situation effectively. The rationality behind the incorporation of these provisions in the constitution is to safeguard the sovereignty, unity, integrity and security of the country, the Democratic political system and the constitution. Dr. B.R Ambedkar in the constituent assembly observed that: … Read more

Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of Religion, Race, Caste, Sex or Place of birth

Article 15 of Indian Constitution : The State shall not discriminate against any Indian citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them be subject to any disability, liability, restriction … Read more

What is “STATE”- Article 12 with Case Laws

Definition of State – Article 12 “In this part unless the context otherwise requires the “State” includes the government and Parliament of India and the government and the Legislature of each of the states and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.” Simply, … Read more

Salient Features Of Indian Constitution

As we all know that there are several features our Indian constitution some of them are its key features which we called as its salient features. The salient features of the Indian Constitution are as follows :   Written Constitution – Constitutions of countries may be either in written form like U.S Constitution or Unwritten, … Read more

Historical background of Indian Constitution

INTRODUCTION:  As we all know that the Britishers ruled India since they came as a trading company till Independence of India. The British came to India in 1600 AD as traders in the form of East India Company which had exclusive right of trading in India. The Powers of East India Company was granted by … Read more